Mastitis is a mammary inflammation caused by microbes in dairy cows. Milk and milk are the worst enemies of the cow.
The Causes of the Disease:
It is divided into 4 as Bacterial, Viral, Fungal and Nonspecific causes. The most important factors are bacterial ones.
1. Invison period: Microbes enter the mammary canal.
2. Infection period : Microbes entering the mammary canal actively multiply in the mammary cavities and cover the mammary tissue.
3. Inflammation period: Inflammation occurs as a result of the reaction of the organism against toxic (poisonous) and other substances formed by microbes settled in the breast. Abscesses in the breast and disorders in the milk duct occur.
The course of the disease:
The disease is generally seen in 3 ways:
1. Acute mastitis: With the deterioration of the general condition of the animal, the mammary lobes are swollen, reddened due to hot, hard and painful inflammation. Milk comes in watery, clotted, pus and bloody form.
2. Supacute mastitis: Inflammation in the breast is not evident. There are dark clots in the milk
3. Chronic mastitis: It can be formed as a result of acute and subacute mastitis. Inflammation is not seen and there is no visible change in milk.
Transmission of Disease:
THE REASONS PLAYING A ROLE IN TRANSMITTING THE DISEASE FROM ONE ANIMAL TO ANOTHER:
• Milking people
• Dairy machines
• Not leaving the patients
• Not cleaning the shelters well
Clinical symptoms are of great importance in the diagnosis of the disease, early diagnosis of the disease and initiating treatment without delay.
• Coagulations in milk
• Visible changes in the breast, swelling, hardness and redness in the bag
• Pain and pain in the nipples
Besides these symptoms, diagnosis is always possible with simple chemical diagnostic methods.
Early diagnosis and early treatment will prevent breast blindness and loss of milk.
Effects of the Disease:
Mastitis in general
1. It reduces milk melting
2. Decreases milk quality and fat ratio
3. Causes breast atrophy
4. It lowers the value of dairy animals and makes them butchery
5. The milk of an animal with mastitis is harmful to human health
Protection and milking methods in Mastitis:
• Care should be taken in the cleaning and disinfection of the barn, the place where the animals sleep should be suitable.
• Animals should not be left in the cold, young animals should be separated from the old ones.
• Natural sucking should be stopped in suckling calves, diseased milk should not be given to calves.
• Cows with hereditary udder disorders should be removed from the herd, animals with damaged udders should be butchered.
• Health rules should be strictly followed during milking, manual milking should be done properly. , milk should never be left in the udder.
• Before milking, the udder must be washed with warm water and dried following milking. Attention should be paid.
• Breeders should consult with the veterinarian in such cases. Treatment with an appropriate antibiotic should be started immediately. Early treatments are more likely to be treated.